Nose Bleeds - St. Augustine ENT

Most nosebleeds are more of a nuisance than an indicator of a negative medical condition. In fact, nosebleeds are common in children during the winter months, in drier climates, and following a cold or sinus infection. When the nasal lining dries out, it can crust, crack and bleed with a simple nose pick. The semi-rigid wall of the septum that separates the nostrils contains many tiny blood vessels (arterioles) that are easily ruptured. This produces an anterior nose bleed that is common in younger children.

When a nose bleed comes from the back (or posterior) of the nose, the cause is often more serious, such as uncontrolled high blood pressure or nose tumors, and often requires immediate medical attention. Our otolaryngologist (ENT doctor) can conduct a thorough examination of the nose using an endoscope to determine if the nose needs to be packed with an inflatable balloon or if cauterization is required. Cautery (using an electrical current, topical treatment or laser) allows targeted blood vessels to be burned which seals the leak.

Common Causes of Epistaxes

An unexpected nosebleed (epistaxis) can cause sudden chaos and significant anxiety or embarrassment for any adult or child. However, in most cases, nose bleeds are merely symptomatic episodes with underlying causes that may include:

  • low humidity
  • cleaning or picking nose
  • allergies and sinus infections
  • dry nasal lining
  • cocaine or crack abuse
  • chronic rhinitis
  • certain medications
  • nose trauma or injury
  • deviate septum
  • hereditary irregularities

A nosebleed after an injury to the face or head can be a symptom of a broken nose, skull fracture or traumatic brain injury. These are serious medical conditions that warrant emergency ENT attention for diagnosis and treatment. If you or a loved one suffer from a nose bleed, call 904.461.6060 or use this website's convenient contact form for a prompt email response.

DISCLAIMER: This website provides information for educational purposes only. The content is not intended to be used for medical diagnostic purposes nor is it intended to serve as a recommendation for treatment and/or management of any medical or surgical condition. If you believe you have a medical condition, please contact your physician or healthcare provider without delay.

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