Fungal Sinus Infections - St. Augustine ENT

When sinus passages become swollen, mucus cannot drain properly. One of the earliest warning signs of a nasal infection is discharge from the nose that is yellow or greenish in color and thicker in consistency. Any nasal abnormalities, blocked sinus cavities or a weakened immune system can make it easier at this point to develop a fungal infection. If you have problems with mold in your house, this can be a source of fungi organisms.

Once you have acute sinusitis, you are at increased risk of acquiring a fungal infection. Unfortunately, without your doctor's help, there is no easy way to identify fungal sinusitis. That said, you seek medical attention if your sinus condition is not responding to treatment with decongestants or antibiotics. An ENT doctor can examine your mouth, nose and throat to determine the best course of action. Modalities can include minimally-invasive or endoscopic nose surgery.

Types of Fungal Sinusitis

Dark, moist nasal cavities are a natural home to invading fungi. In patients with nasal abnormalities or a compromised immune system, fungal sinusitis can occur to include:

  • Fungal Ball or Mycetoma
    Non-invasive fungal sinusitis is essentially a clump of spores in the sinus cavities. A Aspergillus, a common mold, is a common culprit. Fungal balls are easily removed with a nasal endoscopy.
  • Allergic Fungal Sinusitis
    Also categorized as a non-invasive type of fungal infection, this type has a high recurrence rate and is caused by common fungi, such as Alternaria, Bipolaris and Curvularia.
  • Fulminant Sinusitis
    An invasive form of fungal sinusitis where the fungi invades the sinus cavities in a patient with a deficient immune system. Invasive fungal sinusitis is commonly caused by common environment fungi.
  • Chronic Indolent Sinusitis
    An invasive form of fungal sinusitis that can progress for months to years. This invasive form is generally found in patients without identifiable immune deficiency and outside the United States.

If you suffer from chronic sinusitis, headaches and facial swelling, call us at 904.461.6060 or use this website's convenient contact form for a prompt email response.

DISCLAIMER: This website provides information for educational purposes only. The content is not intended to be used for medical diagnostic purposes nor is it intended to serve as a recommendation for treatment and/or management of any medical or surgical condition. If you believe you have a medical condition, please contact your physician or healthcare provider without delay.

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